Today in Middle Eastern history: the Treaty of Jaffa ends the Third Crusade (1192)

So, the Third Crusade. While the First Crusade was undoubtedly the most successful of the whole bunch, this is the one I suspect many people envision when we hear the word “Crusades.” After all, it produced probably the two most enduringly famous Crusader figures in history—Richard the Lionheart and Saladin, whose rivalry became legendary in medieval Europe and has maintained its stature into modern times. But in terms of outcomes the Third Crusade was kind of a mixed bag. It failed to achieve its ultimate objective, the recapture of Jerusalem, but it also derailed Saladin’s momentum and arguably saved the Crusader states—for the time being, anyway. We’ve already talked about the Third Crusade’s beginnings, at Acre, and today we’re here to talk about its conclusion, with the Treaty of Jaffa.

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