Today in Turkish history: the last Ottoman Sultan is deposed (1922)

and that's the way it was

I guess if I’m going to write about the beginning of the Ottoman Empire, I ought to at least mention the end of it, right? But the removal of Mehmed VI Vahideddin (d. 1926) as sultan is among history’s greatest anti-climaxes. The Ottomans had (obviously) lost World War I, which resulted in the dismantling of their empire under the terms of the 1918 armistice and the 1920 Treaty of Sèvres. Sèvres not only put the empire’s Arab dominions under British and French control, but it also apportioned big chunks of the real Turkish heartland of the empire, Anatolia, out to various European states (France, Greece, Italy, Britain) either as ceded territory or in the form of “zones of control.”

The immediate resistance to the Anatolian part of Sèvres was led by what should be considered a brand-new Turkish national movement, not by the remnants of the old empire. The…

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