Today in Middle Eastern/European history: the Turkish War of Independence begins (1919)

It’s kind of fitting that the signing of the Sykes-Picot agreement happened right around the same time on the calendar when the Turkish War of Independence began three years later, because the war was mostly about undoing whatever plans the World War I victor Europeans had for the Turks. The October 1918 Armistice of Mudros, otherwise known as the Ottoman Empire’s WW I surrender to the allies, made no specific mention of partitioning the empire or seizing its territory, but of course we know from arrangements like Sykes-Picot (signed back in 1916) that France and Britain had been preparing to do just that.

Separating the Arab parts of the empire from Anatolia was easy; the Arabs had rebelled against Ottoman rule during WWI, so there now seemed to be a clear dividing line between what was “Ottoman” and what was “Arab.” What was unclear was what would happen to Anatolia.

Source: Today in Middle Eastern/European history: the Turkish War of Independence begins (1919)

Author: DWD

writer, blogger, lover, fighter

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