I assume anybody reading this blog has at least heard of the Ottomans (I mean, I have to assume you do read these posts), but I have to say I’d be pretty impressed if any of you have heard of the Aqquyunlu. They didn’t have a very long run as a major world power. But for a few decades in the second half of the 15th century, the Aqquyunlu (“white sheep” in Turkish) tribal confederation controlled all of modern Iraq; parts of Anatolia, the Caucasus, and modern Syria; and southeast through modern Iran to roughly the modern border of Pakistan. They had a heck of a peak, is what I’m saying. And they might have been able to stay at that peak longer than a couple of decades if they hadn’t picked a fight with the Ottomans at a time when that dynasty was just approaching its own peak.