In general, the year 1912 was a pretty bad year for the Ottomans. We’ve already talked about that year’s Albanian Revolt, which ended with Albania having won substantial autonomy within the empire. The Italo-Turkish War ended in October 1912 with a victorious Italy in control of Libya and the Dodecanese islands (which now belong to Greece), which wasn’t great either. And just as that war was ending, a new one was starting, on October 8: the First Balkan War, fought between the Ottomans and the Balkan League (Serbia, Montenegro, Greece, and Bulgaria). This one ended with the Ottomans losing nearly all of their European territory.