Today in Middle East history: a couple of greatest hits

There’s nothing like recycling material when you’re taking a break, am I right? Today is the (likely) anniversary of the appointment of Umar b. al-Khattab as the second Caliph in 634. Umar succeeded the departed Abu Bakr, who died on August 22. Umar’s caliphate saw caliphal armies defeat both of the great empires of the… Continue reading Today in Middle East history: a couple of greatest hits

Islamic History, Part 8: The Caliphate of Abu Bakr (632-634)

Islamic History Series Muhammad’s death in 632 seems to have caught his followers by surprise, because the sources describe a period of effective chaos right after he died and I think this is one area in which the sources can be mostly trusted. Yes, the sources are late and unreliable, but if they were doctored… Continue reading Islamic History, Part 8: The Caliphate of Abu Bakr (632-634)