Today in Middle Eastern history: the Battle of Köse Dağ (1243)

When the Mongols expanded their empire to the west in the early-mid 13th century they were certainly not the first steppe peoples to make that journey. Indeed, it was a group of ex-slaves who’d come from the Eurasian steppe, the Mamluks, who eventually ended the Mongols’ westward expansion at the Battle of Ayn Jalut in 1260. … Continue reading Today in Middle Eastern history: the Battle of Köse Dağ (1243)