Today in South Asian history: the Battle of Karnal (1739)

In addition to formally closing the book on the Safavids, one of the three Islamic “Gunpowder Empires” of the early modern (16th-18th century) period, Nader Shah also helped hasten the downfall of a second: India’s Mughal dynasty, and he did it in one dramatic and brutally violent invasion in the late 1730s. The Shiʿa Safavids… Continue reading Today in South Asian history: the Battle of Karnal (1739)