Today in European history: the Council of Clermont (1095)

The title of this post is a bit misleading. The Council of Clermont actually ran from November 18 through November 28, 1095, so November 27 is the anniversary of neither its beginning nor its end. It is, however, the anniversary of the day on which Pope Urban II (d. 1099) got to the point. It … Continue reading Today in European history: the Council of Clermont (1095)

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Today in Middle Eastern/European history: the Council of Clermont (1095)

The title of this post is a bit misleading. The Council of Clermont actually ran from November 18 through November 28, 1095, so November 27 commemorates neither its beginning nor its end. What it does commemorate, however, is the day on which Pope Urban II (d. 1099) got to the point. It was on November … Continue reading Today in Middle Eastern/European history: the Council of Clermont (1095)

Today in Middle Eastern/European history: the Council of Clermont (1095)

and that's the way it was

The title of this post is a bit misleading. The Council of Clermont actually ran from November 18 through November 28, 1095, so November 27 commemorates neither its beginning nor its end. What it does commemorate, however, is the day on which Pope Urban II (d. 1099) got to the point. It was on November 27, the second to last day of the council, when Urban turned its focus onto the challenges facing the Byzantine Empire in the east in the aftermath of the Battle of Manzikert. Urban’s speech, calling for an army of Christian warriors to head east and drive the Turks out of Byzantine territory, kicked off the Crusades.

Urban II addressing the Council, an illumination from the 15th century text Passages d’outremer, which was illuminated by miniaturist Jean Colombe (Wikimedia)

The bulk of the council was actually taken up with internal Church matters…

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Today in Middle Eastern/European history: the Council of Clermont (1095)

The title of this post is a bit misleading. The Council of Clermont actually ran from November 18 through November 28, 1095, so November 27 commemorates neither its beginning nor its end. What it does commemorate, however, is the day on which Pope Urban II (d. 1099) got to the point. It was on November … Continue reading Today in Middle Eastern/European history: the Council of Clermont (1095)

Today in European history: the Knights Templar order is purged (1307)

The Knights Templar are the more famous of the two major Christian military orders that were founded during the Crusades. We’ve talked about the other, the Knights Hospitaller, when we looked at the failed Ottoman siege of Malta in 1565. Ironically, while the Templars get more press it’s the Hospitallers who have survived to the present day, … Continue reading Today in European history: the Knights Templar order is purged (1307)