Islamic History, Part 13: Ali’s Caliphate (656-661) and the First Fitna

Islamic History Series Before you read this one, please read part 12 of the series, on Ali and his accession to the Caliphate. Ali’s record as Caliph is incomplete, to say the least. He reigned for a mere 5 years, and most of that time was occupied by answering the many direct challenges that were… Continue reading Islamic History, Part 13: Ali’s Caliphate (656-661) and the First Fitna