Today in European history: the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699)

(Actually yesterday in European history, but oh well) You know that old joke about how the “Holy Roman Empire” was neither holy, nor Roman, nor an empire? Here’s another one for you: the 1683-1699 Great Turkish War was neither great (especially if you were in the Ottoman army), nor “Turkish” (Turkish nationalism was still more than … Continue reading Today in European history: the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699)

Advertisements

Today in European history: the Battle of Saint Gotthard (1664)

The Battle of Vienna in 1683 is generally regarded as the Ottoman Empire’s high water mark, since it put the empire on the defensive and eventually led to the 1699 Treaty of Karlowitz, the first truly disadvantageous treaty the Ottomans ever concluded with other European powers. If you look at the 1664 Battle of Saint Gotthard, … Continue reading Today in European history: the Battle of Saint Gotthard (1664)

Today in European history: the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699)

You know that old joke about how the "Holy Roman Empire" was neither holy, nor Roman, nor an empire? Well, speaking as a history pedant, that joke would be better if it were told about the 1683-1699 Great Turkish War. I mean, the Holy Roman Empire may not have been especially holy (although that's subjective), … Continue reading Today in European history: the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699)

Today in European history: the Siege of Vienna ends (1529)

The city of Vienna has kind of an odd but prominent place in Ottoman history. It was never part of the Ottoman Empire, but two Ottoman attempts to conquer it bookend the period of the empire's greatest territorial reach and military power. We've looked at the second of those attempts, the 1683 Battle of Vienna … Continue reading Today in European history: the Siege of Vienna ends (1529)

Today in European history: the Battle of Lepanto (1571)

The Battle of Lepanto is the mother lode of historical turning points. It broke the Ottoman Empire’s domination of the eastern Mediterranean and marked a turning of the tide in the long-simmering conflict between the European powers (particularly the Habsburgs) and the Ottomans. It gave European Christians the confidence that they could stand up to … Continue reading Today in European history: the Battle of Lepanto (1571)

Today in European history: the Battle of Vienna (1683)

So yesterday, when we talked about the Great Siege of Malta, I mentioned toward the end that the Ottomans, despite losing that siege, were still one of the great military powers in the Mediterranean region (if not the greatest military power) for another century or more. Well, by 1683 it had been a century or more, and that … Continue reading Today in European history: the Battle of Vienna (1683)

Today in European history: the Battle of Mohács (1526)

First of all, let’s not confuse this battle with the 1687 Battle of Mohács, which we’ve previously mentioned. The two battles of Mohács were quite different in both timing and result. This one took place in 1526 when the Ottoman Empire was still expanding into Europe. The other one happened 160 years later with the Ottomans … Continue reading Today in European history: the Battle of Mohács (1526)