Today in European history: the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699)

(Actually yesterday in European history, but oh well) You know that old joke about how the “Holy Roman Empire” was neither holy, nor Roman, nor an empire? Here’s another one for you: the 1683-1699 Great Turkish War was neither great (especially if you were in the Ottoman army), nor “Turkish” (Turkish nationalism was still more than… Continue reading Today in European history: the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699)

Today in European history: the Siege of Vienna ends (1529)

The city of Vienna has kind of an odd but prominent place in Ottoman history. It was never part of the Ottoman Empire, but two Ottoman attempts to conquer it bookend the period of the empire’s greatest territorial reach and military power. The 1683 Battle of Vienna signaled the end of the empire’s dominance, but today… Continue reading Today in European history: the Siege of Vienna ends (1529)

Today in Mediterranean history: the Battle of Lepanto (1571)

The Battle of Lepanto is the mother lode of historical naval turning points. It broke the Ottoman Empire’s domination of the eastern Mediterranean and marked a turning of the tide in the long-simmering conflict between the European powers (particularly the Habsburgs) and the Ottomans. It gave European Christians the confidence that they could stand up… Continue reading Today in Mediterranean history: the Battle of Lepanto (1571)

Today in European history: the Battle of Vienna (1683)

So yesterday, when we talked about the Great Siege of Malta, I mentioned toward the end that the Ottomans, despite losing that siege, were still one of the preeminent military powers in the Mediterranean region (if not the preeminent military power) for another century plus. Well, by 1683 it had been a century plus, and… Continue reading Today in European history: the Battle of Vienna (1683)

Today in European history: the Battle of Mohács (1526)

First of all, let’s not confuse this battle with the 1687 Battle of Mohács, which we’ve previously mentioned. Aside from the fact that the two battles are ~160 years apart, they also led to two different but related outcomes. That Battle of Mohács was a decisive Ottoman defeat that caused Hungary to come under the… Continue reading Today in European history: the Battle of Mohács (1526)

Today in European history: the Battle of Mohács (1687)

Today’s anniversary of the 1687 Battle of Mohács should not be confused with the August 29 anniversary of the other Battle of Mohács in 1526. The latter saw the end of the Jagiellonian dynasty in Hungary and opened the country up to Ottoman control. The former was part of the Great Turkish War, which ran 1683-1699 and pitted the “Holy… Continue reading Today in European history: the Battle of Mohács (1687)

Today in European history: the Battle of Alcácer Quibir (1578) and the Treaty of Sistova (1791)

Today is the anniversary of a couple of events that wound up having repercussions far beyond what most contemporaries probably thought they would. The first helped lead to the brief unification of Spain and Portugal under a single monarch. The second brought a very long conflict to its final end, though nobody could have known… Continue reading Today in European history: the Battle of Alcácer Quibir (1578) and the Treaty of Sistova (1791)