Islamic History, Part 9: The Caliphate of Umar b. al-Khattab (634-644)

Islamic History Series The reign of Umar b. al-Khattab, or Umar I as he is sometimes known, was one of the most important periods in early Islamic history. While Abu Bakr's caliphate was really an exercise in succession and consolidation, establishing that the community founded by Muhammad would live on past his death and expending … Continue reading Islamic History, Part 9: The Caliphate of Umar b. al-Khattab (634-644)

Islamic History, Part 8: The Caliphate of Abu Bakr (632-634)

Islamic History Series Muhammad's death in 632 seems to have caught his followers by surprise, because the sources describe a period of effective chaos right after he died and I think this is one area in which the sources can be mostly trusted. Yes, the sources are late and unreliable, but if they were doctored … Continue reading Islamic History, Part 8: The Caliphate of Abu Bakr (632-634)