Today in European history: the Treaty of San Stefano (1878)

Today we're commemorating the anniversary of a treaty that doesn't exist. By “doesn't exist,” I don't mean that it was in effect for a while but then got superseded by another treaty. I mean it never came into effect. I mean its terms were so unacceptable to so many European powers—states that hadn’t even participated … Continue reading Today in European history: the Treaty of San Stefano (1878)

Inaccurate Conception: Orthodoxy, Autocephaly, and the Nation-State

It's time for another guest post! Today we've got a piece by freelance writer and Harvard Divinity School student Hannah Gais on the recent schism between the Russian Orthodox Church and the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople over the latter's decision to give Ukrainian church leaders permission to form an autocephalous Ukrainian Orthodox Church. Hannah argues … Continue reading Inaccurate Conception: Orthodoxy, Autocephaly, and the Nation-State

Today in European History: the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca (1774)

The Treaty of Karlowitz (1699) marked the end of the Ottoman Empire’s tenure as the heavyweight military power in Eastern Europe. Then passed several decades where the Ottomans won some, probably lost more, but still sort of held their own. But the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca, signed on this date in 1774, marked the point where European … Continue reading Today in European History: the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca (1774)

Today in European history: the Skirmish at Bendery (1713)

The "Skirmish at Bendery" (known in Swedish as the Kalabaliken i Bender, from the Turkish word kalabalık or "crowd") is a relatively silly affair, but it shows that, even in 1713 when they were supposedly in "decline," the Ottomans were still capable of the occasional muscle flexing in Europe. It's the climax of a chapter … Continue reading Today in European history: the Skirmish at Bendery (1713)

Today in Caucasian history: the Battle of Sarikamish ends (1915)

The Battle of Sarikamish was one of the more overwhelming Russian victories of World War I. It was so overwhelming, in fact, that it put the Russians on the offensive in the Caucasus for good--or, well, until Russia quit the war following its 1917 revolution. And so its long term military impact has to do … Continue reading Today in Caucasian history: the Battle of Sarikamish ends (1915)

Today in European History: the Russians capture Plevna (1877)

If you think the state of Russo-Turkish relations is bad these days...well, actually Russia and Turkey are getting along pretty well lately. But historically that hasn't always been the case. Consider that the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire, the precursors of those two modern states, fought a whopping 12 wars against one another between … Continue reading Today in European History: the Russians capture Plevna (1877)