Today in Middle Eastern history: the Gallipoli campaign ends (1916), and the Battle of Rafa (1917)

There are two World War I battles that have anniversaries today. Of them, Gallipoli is far and away the larger and more famous. But while we’re here I figured we could at least mention the other one. Technically this is anniversary of the end of the Gallipoli campaign, which lasted eight and a half months starting … Continue reading Today in Middle Eastern history: the Gallipoli campaign ends (1916), and the Battle of Rafa (1917)

Advertisements

Today in Iranian history: Reza Pahlavi is crowned Shah (1925)

Decades before they helped engineer the coup that restored Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi to power, the British were responsible for engineering another Iranian coup that (eventually) enthroned his father, Reza Shah Pahlavi (d. 1944), and thus founded the Pahlavi “Dynasty.” I put “dynasty” in quotes because it was just the two of them over the … Continue reading Today in Iranian history: Reza Pahlavi is crowned Shah (1925)

Today in Middle Eastern history: General Allenby comes to Jerusalem (1917)

Welcome to the anniversary of one of the most symbolically important events of the First World War, British General Edmund Allenby’s dramatic entrance into Jerusalem. The Battle of Jerusalem was an almost six-week affair that began in mid-November, 1917, when Allenby and his Egyptian Expeditionary Force followed up their success at Mughar Ridge by pushing … Continue reading Today in Middle Eastern history: General Allenby comes to Jerusalem (1917)

Today in World War I history: the Gallipoli campaign ends (1916), and the Battle of Rafa (1917)

There are a pair of World War I battles that have anniversaries today. Of the two, Gallipoli is far and away the larger and more famous. It's also probably the more meaningful, although considering that the side that won Gallipoli wound up losing the war, that case isn't totally cut and dried. This is actually … Continue reading Today in World War I history: the Gallipoli campaign ends (1916), and the Battle of Rafa (1917)

Today in Middle Eastern history: the Gallipoli campaign ends (1916), and the Battle of Rafa (1917)

There are two World War I battles that have anniversaries today. Of them, Gallipoli is far and away the larger and more famous. But while we're here I figured we could at least mention the other one. Technically this is anniversary of the end of the Gallipoli campaign, which lasted eight and a half months starting … Continue reading Today in Middle Eastern history: the Gallipoli campaign ends (1916), and the Battle of Rafa (1917)

Today in Iranian history: Reza Pahlavi is crowned Shah (1925)

Decades before they helped engineer the coup that restored Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi to power, the British were responsible for engineering another Iranian coup that eventually resulted in the enthronement of his father, Reza Shah Pahlavi (d. 1944), and the institution of the Pahlavi "Dynasty." I put "dynasty" in quotes because it was just the … Continue reading Today in Iranian history: Reza Pahlavi is crowned Shah (1925)

Today in Middle Eastern history: General Allenby comes to Jerusalem (1917)

Edmund Allenby was the first Christian commander to capture Jerusalem in battle since the leaders of the First Crusade managed the feat in 1099. There had been brief periods during the later Crusades, after Saladin captured Jerusalem in 1187, when the city nominally came back under Christian control via negotiations, and there was technically a … Continue reading Today in Middle Eastern history: General Allenby comes to Jerusalem (1917)